Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System

 

Parking restrictions at intersections may provide help pedestrians to safely cross the street by providing them with a clearer view of oncoming vehicles. Source: Peter Lagerwey 2012


 

 

 

Parking Restrictions (at Crossing Locations)

Removing a parking space from the roadway can help improve pedestrian and motorist sightlines through an intersection. Removing a parking space on the approach into an intersection may provide help pedestrians to safely cross the street by providing them with a clearer view of oncoming vehicles. However, it may also be important to provide physical roadway measures to prevent motorists from parking on the sidewalk or in areas intended for pedestrians to walk.

Removing a parking space also frees up roadway space for other uses. Curb extensions can also improve sightlines and shorten the distance that pedestrians need to cross a roadway. The extra sidewalk space that is gained from curb extensions can be used for sidewalk furniture or bicycle parking. Alternatively, curb extensions can also provide opportunities for “green infrastructure” elements, such as storm water infiltration and street trees. If curb extensions are out of the budget range, vertical delineators can work to prevent motorists from parking vehicles too close to a crosswalk.

Purpose

When vehicles are parked too close to pedestrian crossings, they limit the sightlines of pedestrians and motorists, which can increase pedestrian risk. Generally vehicles should not be parked within at least 20 feet of an intersection and parking restrictions should consider adequate sightlines for motorists and pedestrians to be able to see and react to each other.

Considerations

• Make sure to communicate with community stakeholders about parking space removal.
• Use marking to enforce parking restrictions with signage and paint to address sight distance concerns.

Estimated Cost

Costs can be minimal if all that is needed is to remove the striping of a parking space and/or adding paint. If curb extensions are added, the cost can increase substantially ($2,000 to $20,000). Delineators cost approximately $50 to $100, and parking restriction signs cost approximately $200.

Case Studies

Hoboken, New Jersey
New York City, New York